Skip to content

The Wool Wire | September 6, 2023

Understanding the wool market, mandatory eID tags in AU, Bloom Woolen Yarns, profiles of 4 woolen mills, Scotland's Blackface sheep, Peruvian shepherds

Clara Parkes
Clara Parkes
3 min read
The Wool Wire | September 6, 2023
Grazing and gazing. \\ Photo by J. Schiemann / Unsplash

News snippets from the wool world

Hello, friends!

September is here, although if the current forecast is any indication, I suspect you'll need to keep those wool blankets stowed a while longer.

While we wait for things to cool down, I propose we hop in the wooljet and see what's happening around the world. We start in Australia, where they're celebrating an innovation that is bringing unintended benefits. Then we head to Washington, dip down to Peru, swoop back up to West Virginia, then Kentucky, western Massachusetts, and finally Maine. As you'll see, there's definitely an upswell of support for smaller mills, and I am 100% here for it.

Let's go!

Who grew your wool?

While electronic identification (eID) tags will become mandatory across Australia by 2025 as part of a biosecurity preparedness program, it turns out they're also a handy way to provide the traceability that consumers have been asking for. I enjoyed this brief video profile of one early adopter of the tags.

Who tended the sheep?

Knowing where the wool in your socks came from is one thing—but what if you could know who took care of the flock, too? I loved this profile of eight Peruvian shepherds who work for a large ranch in Washington. (The story originally ran in Outside Magazine in 2018, but the photos and stories are as relevant as ever.)

There’s a decent chance that the wool in your outdoor gear came from these animals: the sheep from S. Martinez Livestock, near Mabton, Washington. It’s the last large-scale sheep-herding operation on the state’s public forestland. The wool goes to companies like Farm to Feet, Pendleton, and Woolrich to be turned into American-made performance clothing. Here, workers load the sheep into trucks to be driven out to various public and private plots to graze.
Where Your Wool Comes From
The eight Peruvian immigrants who work as shepherds on the S. Martinez ranch in Washington have a colossal job: keep about 4,000 animals safe from predators so their wool can be harvested for companies like Pendleton and Woolrich.

The beauty of big

Now we follow that wool to Washougal, Washington, for a behind-the-scenes look at how blankets and clothing are made at the Pendleton Woolen Mills factory.

The majesty of micro

Not everybody can operate at the scale Pendleton does. That's what makes this next story so interesting. West Virginia University and Fibershed have been working to build what they call "micro mills" to benefit sheep farmers in the state to "process their wool more effectively and shorten the supply chain." They're like e-spinners for people who want the machine to do the drafting for them.

Bloom where you're planted

In western Massachusetts, shepherdess Lisa Fortin has decided to take her wool to the next level—and she's been inviting other area farms along for the ride.

Today, in western Massachusetts and across the country, people are organizing to increase demand and rebuild the relationships and infrastructure needed for local textiles. Bloom Woolen Yarns is showing one way to do that at a local level.
“Bloom Woolen Yarns is a small yarn company gathering wool from local farms, including from our own flock of sheep, making different kinds of yarn with local mills, and naturally dyeing them in small batches,” Fortin explains.

Small scale, big impact

The small-scale, local fiber producer movement is gaining momentum around the country. Let's give some shout-outs, shall we?

Slowly but surely, we're moving back toward local—and it feels so good.

Thanks as always for your readership and your support.

Until next time,



Clara Parkes

Wool is life. I make The Wool Channel go.


Related Posts

Members Free

The Wool Wire | June 13, 2024

Wool's thermal comfort in the great outdoors, plus Huckberry in Tasmania, Darn Tough in Vermont, and celebrating Iceland's wool legacy

The Wool Wire | June 13, 2024
Members Free

Flock Talk in one hour!

Grab your passport and get comfy, we're headed to Paris in one hour!

Flock Talk in one hour!
Members Free

The Wool Wire | May 30, 2024

Re-learning how to care for our clothes, plus Shaun the Sheep dryer balls, wool pizza, and following a Maine shearer

The Wool Wire | May 30, 2024